The most important safety feature for cycling is a PROPERLY fitted helmet. If the helmet is not securely on your head it will not provide any protection for your head and will essentially useless.
Properly fitting a helmet is actually quite simple. Just follow these guidelines:
- The helmet should sit on the top of your head, and there should only be 2 finger widths between the brim of your helmet and your eyebrows;
- The straps under your ears should form a flat "V" with the buckle just under your ear;
- The chin strap should be tightened enough that you can get no more than 2 finger between the strap and your chin;
- Finally, shake your head. If it moves in the helmet, tighten things up a bit more.
Helmets should be worn not just by kids but also by adults. Just remember that your kids will do what they see you doing and not think anything of it.
On the road
- BE DEFENSIVE—Bicycles are considered vehicles and need to follow the same rules as a car, but remember that not all drivers know that rule;
- BE BRIGHT—Wear colors that can be seen from a distance. Avoid black and white instead wear neon and fluorescent colors
- BE ALERT—Don't wear headphones and always be looking and listening, especially as you come up to intersections and in traffic.
On the Trial
- BE LOUD—Pass only on the left, and ring a bell, blow a horn or yell "Passing on your left"
- BE STRAIGHT—Control your bike and keep swerving to a minimum;
- BE AWARE—Slow down at driveways and stop at cross streets;
- TRAILS ARE NOT FOR RACING.
Sources used www.safekids.org/bike, www.miamivalleytrails.org/safety-trail-etiquette, www.nhtsa.dot.gov.