An injury can be considered planned or unplanned. A planned injury may be something like a scheduled total knee replacement where an unplanned injury my look more like a slip on the sidewalk that results in a torn rotator cuff or a sprained ankle during a basketball game. Both, however, are broken down into the same three distinct phases; inflammatory, proliferation and remodeling. These phases will span from day one up to two years! Each phase has many helpful foods and to assist in healing but first let me describe which each phase may look like to you:
Phase 1- Acute phase Days 1-7
Coagulation: 1-2 days post trauma – the body is bleeding and working to stop it
Inflammation: 1-7 days post trauma – site becomes swollen, red and painful
Phase 2- Proliferation(rebuilding) Days 4-21 post trauma
Injury site is beginning to repair itself
Chemicals are removing debris
Tissues are rebuilding a framework to their structure
Scar tissue is laying down
Phase 3- Remodeling Days 5 – 2years
Changes to rebuilt structures from previous phase to become stronger and more like original structure
Adding exercise and stretching to create a healed injury site
There are foods and supplements that can be helpful to feed every level of healing. In the next few weeks I will be discussing in depth what foods are beneficial in each phase – stay tuned!
Fast Fact: Did you know that not all structures heal in the same time? Tissues with better blood supply like muscle and skin heal faster than those which have a lower supply like ligament, tendon and bone.